Prague is one of the most visited cities in the world, thanks to its enviable location in the heart of Europe, every year it attracts an average of 6 million tourists.
From ancient times, through the communist era, to this very day, Prague has always been a thriving and lively city, and maybe thanks to all these people coming and going, the city has been given many nicknames:
The golden city. Nobody knows exactly the origin of this nickname, perhaps it’s due to the domes of the numerous baroque churches, or maybe to the presence of the alchemists, in search of the magic that would turn iron into gold. To this day one can admire some beautiful golden roofs, such as the one that tops the National Theater (Narodni Divadlo) that, especially at night, is an impressive view.
The heart of Europe. The city is almost perfectly equidistant from the Baltic Sea, the North Sea and the Adriatic sea, this is the real heart of Central Europe.
The City of a Hundred Spires. The Czech writer Josef Hormayer is the father of this nickname that, probably more than others, has really stuck to the city. In the 19th century the Czech mathematician Bernard Bolzano counted up to 103, but a more recent count from the top of a helicopter has counted more than a thousand. At any rate one of the most fitting nicknames to this day.
A symphony of stone. This is the nickname assigned by Ibrahim ibn Jakub, a merchant that came visiting Prague around the year 1000 together with a German delegation of the Holy Roman Empire.
Rome of the North. As the Italian capital built is built between the famous seven hills, Prague was built in the midst of nine of which Petrin (which can be reached by funicular) is the highest.
Praga caput regni. Since 1518 the capital of Bohemia in 1518. The then the mayor of Prague, Jan Pašek, had it written on the facade of City Hall, where it is visible to this day.
The pearl of cities. Goethe described it as the most precious stone in the crown of the cities, but Pope Pius II, in Bohemia on a mission to reach an agreement with Jriho z Podebrad (leader of the Protestant and Hussite King of Bohemia) named it himself the pearl of the cities.
Praga Tocius Bohemiae domina. Prague, mistress of Bohemia, thus this fascinating city has been baptized by the Czech historian Kosmas.
Mater urbium Prague. Prague, the mother of cities.